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Prague history

History of Prague through the Centuries
From the founding of the Prague Castle in the 9th century to the present.

Prague Legends
The founding of Prague, Rabbi Loew and the Golem, Dalibor's Violin, and more.

History of the Czech Lands
Czech history from the early Slavs to the Velvet Revolution and beyond.

Several important dates from the history of the city

after 870 foundation of the Prague Castle
after 926 foundation of St. Vitus rotunda within the Prague Castle
10th century foundation of the Vysehrad Castle on the opposite Vltava bank
965 Prague first reported in the narration of Ibrahim Ibn Jakub, a merchant
973 foundation of Prague bishopric
1085 Prague becomes the residence of the first Bohemian king Vratislav I
1172 construction of the Judita´s Bridge, the second stone bridge in Central Europe finished
after 1230 establishment of the Old Town
1257 foundation of the Lesser Town
1310 - 1346 John of Luxembourg rules as the king of Bohemia
around 1320 foundation of Hradcany
1338 foundation of the Old Town Hall - the importance of the city increases
1344 Prague bishopric upgraded to archbishopric, beginning of St. Vitus, St. Wenceslas and St. Adalbert Cathedral (finished 1929)
1346-1378 Charles IV epoch - Prague becomes the capital of the Bohemian Kingdom and the Holy Roman Empire
1348 foundation of the New Town and the first university in Central Europe (Charles University)
1419-1437 attempts of the clergy toreform the church result in the Hussite revolutionary movement (Jan Hus - the reform preacher and martyr)
1526 Habsburg dynasty ascends the Bohemian throne (until 1918)
1583-1611 Rudolf II becomes the king of Bohemia, and Prague the emperor´s residence, centre of social and cultural life
1618-1620 defeat of the Czech nobles´ uprising; Czech language and Czech national consciousness begin to decline
1784 union of the four hitherto independent Prague urban units (Hradcany, Lesser Town, Old Town and New Town)
1784-1848 period of Czech national revival, beginning of the industrial revolution, establishment of Czech institutions
1918 proclamation of independence of Czechoslovakia, Prague becomes the new state capital
1939-1945 occupation by the Nazi Germany
1945 the Prague uprising, liberation of Prague by Soviet army
1948 seizure of power by KSC after the February putsch
1968 Prague Spring - an attempt to reform socialism, intervention of 5 states of the Warsaw Pact
1989 so called velvet revolution, Vaclav Havel elected the president
1990 first free elections
1993, January 1, spliting up of the Federation, formation of the independent Czech Republic
1993, January 26, Vaclav Havel elected the first president of the independent Czech Republic
1999, March 12, the Czech Republic has become a member of NATO

Czech History Books on


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Romantic Prague hotel situated in a quiet part of the city centre and few minutes walking from the Wenceslas Square.
Prague Hotel : Hotel Prague City offers cosy accommodation in Prague.
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